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Variations linguistiques et langue en danger. Le cas du numte ʔoote ou zoque ayapaneco dans l’Etat de Tabasco, Mexique

Abstract : Ayapaneco, Zoque Ayapaneco or numte ʔoote (ethnonyme) is a critically endangered language spoken by approximately 11 people between the ages of 69- and 95-years-old in the state of Tabasco, Mexico. Ayapaneco is the least studied and least documented language in the Mixe-Zoque family. The intergenerational transmission of the language was interrupted in the 1950s. Today, it has a very limited role in the daily language practices of its remaining speakers.This thesis documents, describes and analyzes the sociolinguistic situation of Ayapaneco as well as its linguistic characteristics, focusing on language variation. Although variation is a phenomenon inherent to all world languages, studying variation within the context of critically endangered languages presents specific theoretical and methodological challenges.After presenting the characteristics of language variation in Ayapaneco, this thesis offers new perspectives on the study of these variations in critically endangered languages. A multifactorial analysis is used to question traditional approaches and propose new insights, contributing to the fields of language variation and language change in the context of critically endangered languages.
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Jhonnatan Rangel Murueta. Variations linguistiques et langue en danger. Le cas du numte ʔoote ou zoque ayapaneco dans l’Etat de Tabasco, Mexique. Linguistique. Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales- INALCO PARIS - LANGUES O', 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019INAL0001⟩. ⟨tel-03004941⟩

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