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Partial oxidation of methane in a dielectric barrier discharge plasma milli-reactor

Abstract : Methane gas is known to be the most destructive greenhouse gas. The current world reserves of natural gas, which contains mainly methane, are underutilized due to high transportation costs. Thus, considerable interest is presently shown in conversion of methane to transportable liquid fuels and chemicals of importance to the petrochemical industry. One of the main solution for this problem is the partial oxidation of methane, actually this reaction requires a very high pressures and temperatures.The partial oxidation of methane (POM) in a milli-plasma environment is one possible route for converting methane to more valuable higher hydrocarbons at room temperature and atmospheric pressure.In that context, a Dielectric Barrier Discharge (DBD) transparent plasma-millireactor was designed for methane partial oxidation. A mixture of O2/CH4/Ar was processed into the reactor. AC high voltage (10.8 kV, 3 kHz) was applied to generate the plasma discharge. Under our experimental conditions, a highly reactive environment at room temperature and atmospheric pressure was generated, leading to methane conversion as high as 30 percent. The main products of the reaction were identified as methanol, ethane, ethane, propane, hydrogen, CO and CO2. The influence of the specific input energy (J/molmethanein), the gas composition and flow rate on the methanol selectivity and methane conversion were studied.Comsol Multiphysics 5.1 was used as a simulation tool to perform a first study to understand the mechanism of the reaction involved in POM for the production of methanol. Two main models were discussed, the sinusoidal and multi-time scale models. This work defines the bases for the understanding of the POM for the production of methanol. This study generates new alternatives in the use of miniaturization technologies in order to efficiently convert methane to methanol.
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Erick Osvaldo Martinez Ruiz. Partial oxidation of methane in a dielectric barrier discharge plasma milli-reactor. Chemical engineering. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PA066736⟩. ⟨tel-02999129⟩

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