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Expression du Facteur XII dans le système nerveux central et son rôle dans l'apoptose neuronale

Abstract : Factor XII (FXII) is an 80 kDa serine protease produced and secreted by the liver that participates in the intrinsic coagulation pathway. Various studies have shown a deleterious role of FXII in cerebral pathologies like stroke, Alzheimer disease and multiple sclerosis. Nevertheless, the direct impact of FXII on neuronal cell fate remains unknown. In addition, the expression of FXII in the central nervous system (CNS) has not been investigated yet. The first objective of our work was to study the role of FXII in neuronal apoptosis and then to study the expression of FXII in the CNS. In our work, we found that FXII protects cultured neurons from apoptotic death by a growth factorlike effect. The beneficial effects of FXII result from the direct interaction with the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). Activation of EGFR by FXII triggers antiapoptotic signaling MAPK pathways. Iteestigl, the to hai fo of FXII, αFXIIa, eets opleeta potetie effets oetig the hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) precursor into its mature form, which in turn activates MET receptor. Finally in our work we observed FXII expression in the CNS (both mRNA and protein). This expression is particularly found in cortical neurons. This work describes a novel mechanism of action of FXII and discloses neurons as target cells for growth factor effects of FXII. Overall, these works should thus help further understanding how FXII acts in brain diseases as a unique serine-protease at the interface of thrombosis, inflammation and cell survival.
Keywords : EGFR MET Apoptosis Neurons
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Eugenie Garnier. Expression du Facteur XII dans le système nerveux central et son rôle dans l'apoptose neuronale. Neurobiologie. Normandie Université, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018NORMC413⟩. ⟨tel-02996104⟩

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