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Les interactions de la culture occidentale et de la culture chinoise dans l'oeuvre théâtrale et poétique de Paul Claudel

Abstract : From 1895 to 1909, Claudel had made three business trips in China and lived there for almost twelve years. As a diplomat, he visited several Chinese cities, such as Shanghai, Foochow, Haikou, Hong Kong, Beijing and Tientsin; as a playwright and poet, he also experienced the breadth and depth of exotic oriental landscapes. In the writings of Paul Claudel, the encounter with the China was two- dimensional: there is firstly a reserved and obstinate attitude, producing misunderstandings and surprises, and also an attitude that seeks inspiration in otherness. Based on the personal journey of Claudel, we can situate his works in several perspectives: cross-cultural (French culture and Chinese culture), cross-spatial (from external view to internal view of China), cross-temporal (ancient China and contemporary China) and cross-religious (Christianity,Taoism, Confucianism and Buddhism). We study his theatrical and poetic works inspired by Chinese culture, we focus on analyzing the Chinese elements and we see how Claudel manages the poetic and conceptual interaction between two cultures so as to explore and appreciate the cultural implications with rich symbolic significance in these works and to highlight his efforts in the Sino-French communication. We point out that, different from the previous studies, our thesis doesn’t concern the general connection of Claudel with China, but particularly the mutual interaction between Chinese and Western cultures in his theatrical and poetic works.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 6, 2020 - 6:38:10 PM
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Ge Chu. Les interactions de la culture occidentale et de la culture chinoise dans l'oeuvre théâtrale et poétique de Paul Claudel. Littératures. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III; Université de Wuhan (Chine), 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020BOR30008⟩. ⟨tel-02993418⟩

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