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Pellicules en uniformes : le cinéma au service des forces armées françaises, septembre 1919 - juin 1940

Abstract : This thesis aims to fill a historiographic vacuum. Namely, it studies the plurality of the use of cinema by the French Armed Forces between the time war cinema was put on hold in September 1919 and the Armistice of June 1940. This work is based on unpublished archives, which were repatriated from Russia. They shed a new light on the link between cinema and the Ministry of War (including the Army), especially for educational purposes. Our study is structured around a double movement, which is at the heart of our research problem: the use of the medium within the military institution, and its inscription in the state landscape of a cinema simultaneously used for education and propaganda ; this plurality attained a certain golden age at that point. The first movement deals with a structural analysis of the Army Cinema Section (ACS), which reemerged in summer 1920, and it includes an overview of its stakes and progress during the interwar period. At the same time, the question of the use of cinema in the French Navy and Air Force reveals a political use, which was focused on meeting structural challenges. In the second part, we study the production of the ACS, including the instructional films at the heart of this filmography, other educational films (such as moral, patriotic, or prophylactic), and propaganda films (particularly colonial). Finally, we explore the mutation of military cinema and its entry into a fully developed age: from the "Phoney War" to June 1940.
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Stéphane Launey. Pellicules en uniformes : le cinéma au service des forces armées françaises, septembre 1919 - juin 1940. Histoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017PA01H041⟩. ⟨tel-02992369⟩



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