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Study of the variability of active galactic nuclei at very high energy with H.E.S.S.

Abstract : Along with the improvement of our knowledge of the Universe, increasingly detailed, varied and precise data sets appeared necessary to solve the remaining unknowns. Experiments thus improved their sensitivities and resolutions but also combined their observations into large multi-messenger and multi-wavelength data sets. If a source is variable the available temporal information can also be used to constrain the possible processes taking place in this source. Blazars are active galactic nuclei displaying important variability with electromagnetic emissions covering a large fraction of the observed electromagnetic spectrum, emitted in a relativistic jet of particles. The H.E.S.S. experiment is an array of Cherenkov telescopes located in Namibia performing astronomical observations using very high energy photons. In this manuscript, reviews of blazar physics, very high energy astronomy and the H.E.S.S. experiment are followed by various worked performed to analyse and use variable data from blazars. Tools were developed in the H.E.S.S. analysis software aiming at improving the analysis of flaring events. Sets of data obtained during flaring events of two blazars (3C 279 and PKS 2022-077) were analysed and put into context with contemporaneous multi-wavelength observations. A new task aiming at characterising blazar flare in a semi-systematic way is also introduced. The manuscript then ends with the results of the exploration of the parameter space of a lepto-hadronic emission model applied to a flare of TXS 0506+056 coincident with the detection of an astrophysical neutrino with IceCube.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 29, 2020 - 11:21:45 AM
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Gabriel Emery. Study of the variability of active galactic nuclei at very high energy with H.E.S.S.. High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena [astro-ph.HE]. Sorbonne Université, 2020. English. ⟨tel-02983041⟩

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