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Les quantificateurs indéfinis dans les syntagmes nominaux en chinois mandarin

Abstract : The thesis presents a study of thirteen indefinite quantifiers in Mandarin Chinese noun phrases. Chapter 2 provides an overview of some saillant characteristics of Chinese noun phrases. In Chapter 3, the distributional properties of thirteen indefinite quantifiers, such as (i) their selectional restrictions with different semantic categories of nouns, (ii) their (in)compatibility with classifiers and (iii) their (im)possibility of coocurring with a subject NP without the existential verb yǒu ‘have’. In Chapter 4, the quantifier function of yīdiǎnr ‘a little/un peu’ is opposed to that of the minimizer yīdiǎnr ‘the least/le moindre’. Three tests are used to establish the dichotomy : (i) negation, (ii) focus constructions and (iii) conditionals. It is shown that, only in scale-reversing contexts, can the indefinite quantifier yīdiǎnr ‘a little/un peu’ function as a minimizer ‘the least/le moindre’, i.e. as a typical scalar operator.
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Wei Xiang. Les quantificateurs indéfinis dans les syntagmes nominaux en chinois mandarin. Linguistique. Université de Paris, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019UNIP7016⟩. ⟨tel-02978244⟩



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