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Synthèse, structure, et étude mécanique de matériaux tellurites visant des applications en optique non-linéaire

Abstract : This work aims to comparatively study three systems aimed at nonlinear optical application, TeO2-TiO2-ZnO (TTZ); TeO2-TiO2-Nb2O5 (TTN) and TeO2-GeO2-ZnO (TGZ). The goal is to highlight correlations between structural and mechanical properties of the studied glasses at room temperature but also as a function of temperature, and in particular around the glass transition temperature (Tg). The structural study of the glasses showed that in the TTZ system, the zinc had a coordination and hence a behavior change in the tellurite matrix as a function of the concentration. Those results were correlated to the elastic properties of the glasses, the Young modulus, the shear modulus and the Poisson ratio, who presented nonlinear evolutions as a function of the ZnO concentration. In the TGZ system, in contrary to the TTZ system, these singular evolutions were not highlighted. It was hypothesized that the germanium oxide is preventing the change in comportment of the zinc polyhedra. For the TTN system, no major structural changes were observed as a function of niobium oxide concentration, which was translated with a linear increase of the elastic properties of those glasses. The temperature dependent studies showed that before the glass transition temperature (Tg), the Boson peak frequency (Raman spectroscopy) and the elastic properties evolutions are in accordance with the vitreous network relaxation idea. After Tg, the structural and mechanical evolution showed a transition toward a viscous liquid state. At last, it was possible to evidence a correlation after Tg of the evolution of the Boson peak frequency and the elastic properties, thus allowing a prediction of the mechanical properties thanks to the low frequency vibrational study in tellurite glasses. These information are key parameters needed to help the glass shaping mastery of these types of glasses.
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Jonathan de Clermont-Gallerande. Synthèse, structure, et étude mécanique de matériaux tellurites visant des applications en optique non-linéaire. Autre. Université de Limoges, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LIMO0082⟩. ⟨tel-02977760⟩

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