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THE PROCESS OF TRANSFORMING ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTIONS INTO ACTIONS: THE ROLE OF VOLITION AND OPTIMISM

Abstract : This thesis examines from a transversal approach, the transformation process of entrepreneurial intentions into actions. Three life stories were analysed in order to operationalize the process of transforming entrepreneurial intentions into actions (phase 1: formulation of intention, phase 2: planning of strategies for the implementation of intention, phase 3: development of action); and to grasp its determinants (study 1). The content analysis revealed that self-determination, self-motivation and resistance to uncertainty in the future are maturing in students who aspire to become entrepreneurs. Concentration on action, control of action, and action orientation develop in the individual who plans the strategies needed to implement the intent. Personal initiative, proactivity and optimism develop in the person who has created a company whose products or services occupy a share of the market economy. 304 students completed a questionnaire which included a volitional goal-setting capacity scale (self-determination, self-motivation and resistance to future uncertainty); the Contractor Opinion Scale; and the Entrepreneurial Opinion Scale - Entrepreneurial intent (study 2). The statistical processing of the data by regression analysis, analysis of variance and structural equation modelling confirmed the hypotheses. Volition in particular, self-determination, self-motivation and resistance to uncertainty of the future are more prevalent among students who wish to become entrepreneurs than among those who aspire to wage labour, and those who intend to pursue their jobs and studies. There is partial mediation of the effect of these volitional abilities by the opinions on the entrepreneur (benefactor, opportunist and capacity). Measurements of the volitional capacities of the implementation of intention (control of the action, concentration on the action and orientation towards the action), opinions on the entrepreneurship and strategies of identification and realization of Entrepreneurial activities were administered individually to 319 entrepreneurs in the making - (Study 3). The results showed that the control of the action influences the identification of entrepreneurial activities. Focus on action and action orientation influence the achievement of entrepreneurial activities. The effect of action orientation is mediated by optimism. In Study 4, 103 students desirous to become entrepreneurs, 319 entrepreneurs in the making, and 467 active entrepreneurs filled volition measures and optimism, with the purpose of studying the prioritization of capacities - volitional when transforming entrepreneurial intentions into action. First, the average level of self-determination, self-motivation and resistance to the uncertainty of the future of students dominates that of entrepreneurs in the making, and that of active entrepreneurs. Secondly, the average level of concentration, control and action orientation of entrepreneurs in the making dominates that of students and active entrepreneurs. Thirdly and lastly, the average level of personal initiative, proactivity and optimism of active entrepreneurs dominates that of the other two groups involved. The discussion raised some of the limitations of this thesis and outlined future perspectives.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 21, 2020 - 7:16:45 PM
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Jean-Anatole Nguedong. THE PROCESS OF TRANSFORMING ENTREPRENEURIAL INTENTIONS INTO ACTIONS: THE ROLE OF VOLITION AND OPTIMISM. Psychology. Université de Yaoundé 1 (Cameroun), 2020. English. ⟨tel-02972488⟩

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