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Analyse angulaire de désintégrations B⁰ →K*⁰e⁺e⁻ avec le détecteur LHCb et upgrade de l'électronique des calorimètres

Abstract : Flavor changing neutral current processes of the type b -> s gamma are forbidden at tree level in the Standard Model (SM). They are thus sensitive to potential New Physics (NP) effects occurring via loop processes which may manifest themselves through the modification of angular observables. In the SM, the photon is predominantly left handed. However several NP theories allow large right-handed currents. The angular analysis of B0 ->K*e+e- decays at very low q2 (the dielectron pair invariant mass squared) allows to study the helicity structure of b -> s gamma transitions thanks to the dominant contribution from the virtual photon coupling to the dielectron pair at very low q2. This thesis presents the angular analysis of B0 ->K*e+e- decays using the full Run 1 and Run 2 proton-proton collision datasets collected between 2011 and 2018 at the LHCb experiment, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 9.1 fb^-1 at centre-of-mass energies ranging from 7 to 13 TeV. The transverse asymmetries in the q2 range [0.0001, 0.25] GeV^2/c^4 are measured as AT(2) = 0.106 ± 0.103 + 0.016−0.017 , ATIm = 0.015 ± 0.102 ± 0.012, ATRe = −0.064 ± 0.077 ± 0.015 and FL = 0.044 ± 0.026 ± 0.014. These measurements provide the current world’s best constraint on right handed contributions to the photon polarization in b -> s gamma transitions.The LHCb detector is undertaking a major upgrade in 2019/2020 to be able to run the experiment at an instantaneous luminosity of 2 × 10^33cm−2s−1 . In particular, the electronics of the calorimeters has to be upgraded with new Front-End boards (FEB) to cope with the 40 MHz readout. This thesis also presents the upgrade of the Low Level Trigger module of the FEB, which is in particular responsible for identifying the maximum transverse energy cluster of each event.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 15, 2020 - 9:50:08 AM
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Fabrice Desse. Analyse angulaire de désintégrations B⁰ →K*⁰e⁺e⁻ avec le détecteur LHCb et upgrade de l'électronique des calorimètres. Physique des Hautes Energies - Expérience [hep-ex]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020UPASS126⟩. ⟨tel-02967612⟩

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