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Etude tectonique, pétrographique et géochimique de la zone de transition subduction-collision à Taïwan : rôle de l'héritage et de l'obliquité de la convergence

Abstract : The Taiwan collision is the unique example where to examine ongoing tectonic processes at the subduction/collision transition. The oblique convergence setting allows observations of first continental accretion offshore to the mature stage of collision onshore. I show that the southern Central Range, located at the transition, exhumed petrographic assemblages with peak metamorphism increasing northwards, in a corridor characterized by left-lateral transcurrent deformation. Extension sub-parallel to the belt is also understood as a major ingredient of rock exhumation. Near the suture zone, HP rocks (12-15 kbars and 380-420 °C) associated with isolated serpentinite bodies were emplaced in association with intense ductile strain localization in the strike-slip corridor. Petrographc and geochemical analyses of the Kenting and Lichi ophiolitic mélanges reveal that these mélanges originated from the distal rifted margin and the oceanic crust of the South China Sea. I propose a 3D geodynamic model of the evolution of the Taiwan orogen in which the rifted margin architecture is taken into account and the strike-slip kinematic component of the convergence is the main driver of mountain building.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 11:40:31 AM
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Clément Conand. Etude tectonique, pétrographique et géochimique de la zone de transition subduction-collision à Taïwan : rôle de l'héritage et de l'obliquité de la convergence. Pétrographie. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019TOU30262⟩. ⟨tel-02966684⟩

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