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Nouveau procédé dynamique d’analyse et de contrôle du front d’onde synthétique de réseaux de lasers

Abstract : Futuristic projects such as nuclear fusion power generation, or interstellar navigation by solar sails, require the use of a light source of extreme brightness. In order to increase the brightness of laser sources, my thesis work focused on the coherent beam combination of laser arrays. They led to the development of a new compact control process for the synthetic wavefront formed by the laser beam array. This process makes it possible to tailor the intensity pattern of the far field and thus control the angular distribution of energy emitted by the laser beam array. The process developed uses a phase/amplitude converter module with an integrated diffuser element. A method of measuring the transfer matrix of an optical system has been developed to characterize this field converter module. At any time, the synthetic wavefront is estimated by a phase recovery loop based on an alternating projections algorithm. This approximate calculation makes it possible to gradually adjust the phase relationships of the laser beam array to the desired arbitrary phase set. The process allows the control of a synthetic wavefront in less than 10 phase corrections, almost independently of the number of laser beams to be controlled. It is resistant to environmental defects and independent of the initial phase set. I demonstrated the compactness of the system studied by analyzing and controlling a 4 cm large synthetic pupil, composed of 16 beams, using an analysis module measuring only 30 cm. I also experimentally showed the control of the network phases of 16 to 100 laser beams with residual errors of λ/30 and λ/20 rms respectively. The capabilities of this method can be extended to control the higher Zernike orders of the synthetic wavefront, or more generally to directly measure the wavefront of coherent radiation.
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Jérémy Saucourt. Nouveau procédé dynamique d’analyse et de contrôle du front d’onde synthétique de réseaux de lasers. Optique / photonique. Université de Limoges, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LIMO0050⟩. ⟨tel-02965973⟩

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