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Les mobilités intercontinentales dans le Royaume d'Espagne : fray Juan Agustín Morfi, franciscain asturien en Nouvelle-Espagne (1735-1783)

Abstract : With this thesis, we will study the figure of fray Juan Agustín Morfi, a Franciscan born in Oviedo (Asturias) in 1735 and who died in Mexico in 1783.Trough this research, we will observe that the friar Morfi is a preponderant man in the cultural panorama of th eighteenth-century New Spain, but also that he is introduced in the political sphere by Theodore de Croix, newly named Commandant General of the Provincias Internas in the northern part of New Spain, who asked him to participate to an expedition in order to explore these territories. Morfi leaves of Mexico in 1777, August 4th and returns in june 1781. This journey represents a turning point in his life, strongly establishing his reputation, and also his written production. Actually, the friar will turn to good account his knowledge with an incredible prolixity. Studying the texts that come about thanks to his participation in De Croix’s expedition, we will be able to see who he really was, how he tought, how he inserted himself in networks (such as the Brotherhood of Aránzazu of Mexico and the Real Sociedad Bascongada de Amigos del País). As well, we will observe Morfi’s work on writing, making himself an author in the fullest manner possible for this status.Furthermore, we will see that Morfi’s personal network, as well as the ideas he expressed in his large written production, reveal that he was a man with references of both Spain and New Spain, and a worthy representative of the Enlightment.
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Émilie Cadez. Les mobilités intercontinentales dans le Royaume d'Espagne : fray Juan Agustín Morfi, franciscain asturien en Nouvelle-Espagne (1735-1783). Histoire. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017TOU20067⟩. ⟨tel-02959654⟩

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