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L'Ile, l'entreprise et le navire : étude de la desserte insulaire et des adaptations des entreprises du Ponant

Abstract : The thirteen Ponant islands (Atlantic- Channel-coast, France) are connected daily by a maritime service. The dual function of the connection is to ensure territorial continuity and to foster tourism. This thesis addresses the organization of maritime routes and its consequences on island firms. First, a great diversity among island connections to the continent is revealed by field observations and surveys of fourteen shipping and airline companies as well as six authorities delegating the public service. The service is diverse in its system (actors, markets, finance, employment) and its devices (ships, handling, frequency, pricing, port). The maritime service is therefore customized to the territory. The passenger and freight transport analysis shows traffic seasonality and imbalance between in- and outflows. Secondly, a qualitative survey among 88 island firms specifies their use of the maritime service and the resulting spatial practices. Firm’s insights are varied but four main issues have been identified: cost, freight damage, time, and complex logistics. A typology of adaptations to these constraints is established, and the transport strategies, mixing in- and outsourcing along the three segments of the logistic chain are identified. A case study focuses on island food supply by grocery stores and islanders.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 2, 2020 - 1:15:11 PM
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Marie Guingot. L'Ile, l'entreprise et le navire : étude de la desserte insulaire et des adaptations des entreprises du Ponant. Géographie. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BRES0052⟩. ⟨tel-02956073⟩

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