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La Poly-divergence en branches - Le modèle essentiel d’évolution grammaticale dans le chinois archaïque

Abstract : This dissertation examines the universal phenomenon of poly-divergence in archaic Chinese with five subtypes: the polygrammaticalization with the case of huò 或; the polylexicalization and the hybridization of these two with the case of rán 然; the poly-divergence under the influence of cult-culture-philosophical with the case of yī 一; the poly-divergence of the multifunctional structure with the case of "Reference + Comment"; the poly-divergence of the phrase with the case of "numeral +month". These divergences have the effect of reducing and avoiding the opacity caused by the non-obligatory usage of function word or the lack of exclusive function word. And these types of poly-divergence in Chinese are realized through mechanisms that are distinct from those of Western languages. Finally, a conclusion is drawn and it is argued that the poly-divergence is the essential model of evolution in archaic Chinese.
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Po Hu. La Poly-divergence en branches - Le modèle essentiel d’évolution grammaticale dans le chinois archaïque. Linguistique. Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales- INALCO PARIS - LANGUES O', 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019INAL0027⟩. ⟨tel-02952909⟩

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