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Theses

Shimao Toshio et la méthode du rêve

Abstract : Often described as an avant-garde and impenetrable writer, but also as one of the last masters of the shishōsetsu genre, Shimao Toshio (1917-1986) occupies a special place in Japanese postwar literature. His work went through the 20th century in a strange state of isolation, widely acclaimed by his peers, but still insufficiently known and understood. Shimao acquired a near mythical status from the particularity of his war experience (he was the leader of a squad of kamikaze tokkōtai which was mobilized in the Ryūkyū islands) and its aftermath, like the madness of his wife Miho, which inspired his most famous novel, Shi no toge (The Sting of Death, 1960-1976). Along with these life antagonisms, he also endured an inner conflict which drew him towards most modern literary forms, romantism, naturalism, surrealism, without being really satisfied with either of them in the end.However, beyond this tendency to conflict, one of the most constant elements of Shimao's work is his interest in dreams. While dreamlike writing in modern literature often lies at the junction of aesthetic tradition, exploration of the self and contestation of realism, in Shimao's case, its importance is both poetic and existential. As a « method » of (anti-)novel experimentation, attempt at conflict resolution and research of lost time, the use of dreams provide the tools of the understanding of the author's narrative identity. Through the idea that this dream method can be the « royal road » to understand Shimao, this thesis also aims at making his work an example of the way dreams serve literature as a whole.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 29, 2020 - 4:31:28 PM
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Yannick Maufroid. Shimao Toshio et la méthode du rêve. Littératures. Institut National des Langues et Civilisations Orientales- INALCO PARIS - LANGUES O', 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019INAL0010⟩. ⟨tel-02952892⟩

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