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Rôle des récepteurs NK dans les lymphoproliférations T matures. Exemple des leucémies/lymphomes T de l'adulte associés à l'HTLV-1 et des lymphoproliférations T intestinales primitives

Abstract : Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCLs) are heterogeneous entities whose classification has recently been revised. More than 25 entities are thus classified according to their clinico-biological presentation and their presumed cellular origin, justifying the in-depth study of their phenotype. NK receptors (NKRs) have been demonstrated in some cutaneous lymphomas. In addition, a less known intestinal lymphoma, called type II refractory celiac disease (RCDII), arises from an intraepithelial lymphocyte characterized by T and NK markers. These findings led us to evaluate the expression of NKRs on a representative panel of PTCLs, focusing on primary gastrointestinal (GI) T-cell lymphoproliferative diseases (T-LPD) and HTLV-1 associated adult T leukemia/lymphoma (ATL).In ATL, we show that KIR3DL2 expression is mainly associated with acute-type ATL. HTLV-1 has a preferential tropism for KIR3DL2+ lymphocytes and may play a role in KIR3DL2 expression induction, combined with the hypomethylation status of KIR3DL2 promoter. The benefit of targeting KIR3DL2 by IPH4102 should be further investigating in acute ATL patients.In GI T-LPD, we show that NKp46 is a novel biomarker useful for diagnosis and therapeutic stratification, as NKp46 is a hallmark of RCDII tumor cells, shared by EATL. Strong preclinical rationale identifies anti-NKp46-PBD as a promising therapy for RCDII, EATL and MEITL.These results allowed us to discuss the cellular origin of these lymphomas and the role of NKRs in lymphomagenesis. From a translational point of view, NKRs could represent useful biomarkers in these entities that are sometimes difficult to individualize, and finally constitute an interesting therapeutic target.
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Morgane Cheminant. Rôle des récepteurs NK dans les lymphoproliférations T matures. Exemple des leucémies/lymphomes T de l'adulte associés à l'HTLV-1 et des lymphoproliférations T intestinales primitives. Cancer. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018SACLS301⟩. ⟨tel-02948705⟩

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