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Systematics and biogeography of the genus Cardiodactylus (Orthoptera : Eneopterinae : Lebinthini) in the Southeast Asia

Abstract : Among the crickets of the subfamily Eneopterinae, Cardiodactylus Saussure, 1878 (Orthoptera: Eneopterinae: Lebinthini) is the most speciose and widely distributed genus. It consists of 82 species organized in two species groups (Noveaguineae and Efordi species groups). The species distributions encompass hundreds of islands and territories ranging from the coasts of Southeast Asia to the Samoan islands. Cardiodactylus species show contrastive distribution patterns, some being highly endemic while others are distributed in the whole Western Pacific region. This diversity coupled with the rich geological context of the Southeast Asian and Pacific regions, offers great opportunities to address biogeographical questions and investigate the dynamics of diversification in islands.Despite recent efforts to improve the taxonomical knowledge of Cardiodactylus, its diversity is so high that many new species still continue to be discovered. In a first stage, taxonomic studies based on morphological, molecular and acoustic data led to the description of five new species from Eastern New Guinea and to the redescription of two species. In a second stage, the molecular phylogeny of Cardiodactylus was reconstructed. The results support the monophyly of the genus, of the tested species, and of the Novaeguineae species group. The Efordi species group is clearly found paraphyletic, which tends to confirm the presence of a third species group, as suggested by the taxonomical study. According to the historical biogeographic analysis, the origin of Cardiodactylus was recovered in the Western Pacific during the Mid-Eocene (ca. 42 Ma). Through the transition zone of New Guinea, Cardiodactylus colonized Southeast Asia from East to West through three independent passageways: Java, Sulawesi and the Philippines. This work showed that the high diversity of Southeast Asian Cardiodactylus took place during the Miocene, as a result of accumulation of in situ diversification and immigration events. In a third stage, a protocol and sets of primers were designed to amplify mitogenomes in crickets. The method was exemplified by amplifying the mitogenome of the species Cardiodactylus muiri Otte, 2007 with a long-PCR approach combined with Next-Generation Sequencing. The purpose of this work is to obtain more informative molecular data with relatively low-cost but high taxonomic coverage for future phylogenetic reconstructions.
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Jiajia Dong. Systematics and biogeography of the genus Cardiodactylus (Orthoptera : Eneopterinae : Lebinthini) in the Southeast Asia. Animal biology. Museum national d'histoire naturelle - MNHN PARIS, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017MNHN0009⟩. ⟨tel-02945045⟩

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