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TGFbeta signalling pathway in muscle regeneration : an important regulator of muscle cell fusion

Abstract : Muscle regeneration relies on a pool of muscle-resident stem cells called satellite cells (MuSCs). MuSCs are quiescent and can activate following muscle injury to give rise to transient amplifying progenitors (myoblasts) that will differentiate and finally fuse together to form new myofibers. During this process, a complex network of signalling pathways is involved, among which, Transforming Growth Factor beta (TGFβ) signalling cascade plays a fundamental role. Previous reports proposed several functions for TGFβ signalling in muscle cells including quiescence, activation and differentiation. However, the impact of TGFβ on myoblast fusion has never been investigated. In this study, we show that TGFβ signalling reduces muscle cell fusion independently of the differentiation step. In contrast, inhibition of TGFβ signalling enhances cell fusion and promotes branching between myotubes. Pharmacological modulation of the pathway in vivo perturbs muscle regeneration after injury. Exogenous addition of TGFβ protein results in a loss of muscle function while inhibition of the TGFβ pathway induces the formation of giant myofibres. Transcriptome analyses and functional assays revealed that TGFβ acts on actin dynamics to reduce cell spreading through modulation of actin-based protrusions. Together our results reveal a signalling pathway that limits mammalian myoblast fusion and add a new level of understanding to the molecular regulation of myogenesis.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02944744, version 1

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Francesco Girardi. TGFbeta signalling pathway in muscle regeneration : an important regulator of muscle cell fusion. Cellular Biology. Sorbonne Université, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SORUS114⟩. ⟨tel-02944744⟩

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