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L'agriculture et l'alimentation en marge des villes au Maliennes : le cas du Sahel Occidental : cercle de Yélimané

Abstract : The western Sahel of Mali, like other parts of the country, has been experiencing a fall in agricultural production for half a century (1970). This fall has direct consequences for households: food deficit and migration. The thesis aims to show the role of local productions in the self-consumption of households from different villages of the Yélimané circle in the western Malian Sahel. It also aims to consider the dietary and supply practices of agricultural households in this circle. It relies on in-depth field surveys of households, mayors and village chiefs. A relatively long-term analysis also made it possible to trace the trajectory of the households surveyed. These surveys made it possible to consider in detail how farm households in the Sahel region are experiencing food insecurity and what strategies they adopt in the face of food insufficiency. Migration is often a solution in the Yélimané circle. But it itself contributes to the devaluation of agriculture and the reduction of agricultural production.The agricultural situation of the circle depends on several elements such as good rainfall, which plays a key role. Located in a Sahelian zone where it rains little, the households of Yélimané circle have adopted short cultivation cycles in their farm. Food deficit is observed in all households in the circle. However, our surveys have shown that the agricultural and food situation varies according to the social status and the type of household surveyed. Due to their social organization, some categories are less affected than others. The situation also varies according to the location of the villages within the circle, some being in situations much more critical than others in connection with the difficulties of circulation.
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Mahamadou Niakate. L'agriculture et l'alimentation en marge des villes au Maliennes : le cas du Sahel Occidental : cercle de Yélimané. Histoire. Université de Lyon, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LYSE2025⟩. ⟨tel-02944632⟩

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