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Modélisation et analyse d'un système de dégivrage électromécanique en aéronautique

Abstract : Modeling and analysis of an electromechanical de-icing system in aeronauticsAbstractThis thesis report explains the modeling procedure of a new electromechanical de-icing technology in aeronautics for in-flight application.The operation principle of the technology resides in the mechanical deformation of the working surface caused by the effect of electromagnetic forces generated from a high-intensity current source.The industrial partner Zodiac Aerospace conceived this solution they carried out the construction of a demonstrator and a series of tests prior to this Ph.D. Based on the obtained results, the aim of this project was to achieve an adequate model of the de-icing system that should be suitable for further optimization of the device, such that a more electric de-icing solution will be proposed, with good performance and with higher energetic efficiency.A multiphysiscs model was developed, which comprises multiple analytical submodels that where integrated into a numerical resolution platform. The mechanical submodel implements a strip approach for plates solved via a finite differences method that permits time dependence evaluation, and can be defined as semi analytical. Another submodel is based on the mathematical definition of the electromagnetic behavior, the main complication of which was to consider the complex geometrical definition of the demonstrator. An equivalent electric circuit for the whole system was identified and the equations for an electrical submodel where then established. This allowed the study of the energy transformation and repartition, and reveals the possibility of future optimization.Simulation results from the final model properly reproduce the dynamics of the mechanical deformation response as were observed during the previous experiments, but also reveals some minor accuracy problems.Key words : Electromechanical de-icing, aeronautics, multiphysics modeling, deformation of plates, Laplace force.
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Melissa Estopier Castillo. Modélisation et analyse d'un système de dégivrage électromécanique en aéronautique. Energie électrique. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018GREAT121⟩. ⟨tel-02944074⟩

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