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Un réformisme islamique dans l'Algérie coloniale : oulémas ibadites et société du Mzab (c. 1880 - c.1970)

Abstract : This thesis explores the issue of Islamic reformism in a colonial context. In order to grasp every dimension of this issue, on a cultural, social and political level, this research considers the transnational phenomenon of reformism at a local scale, from the Mzab region in Southern Algeria, through sources written in Arabic by Ibadi scholars (‘ulāma) and in French by the colonising powers.From the 1920s to the 1960s, Ibadi scholars in the Mzab took over the slogan of Reform (Iṣlāḥ) to make sense of the profound changes affecting the area since the 1880s and its passage under French sovereignty. Through this slogan of reform, those who call themselves “reformists” seize the religious authority and transform it. They redefine Ibadi "orthodoxy" and redraw the boundaries of their community. Studying Algeria through one of its Saharan societies also offers an alternative to the analytical frame of colonial studies. This thesis shows that the people/historical actors circulate and think in different scales, ranging from local, the Mzab valley, to the entire Arabic-speaking and Muslim world. This history doesnot come merely from the interaction with colonialism. It also results from the historical autonomy of the Algerian agents.
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Submitted on : Monday, September 21, 2020 - 9:55:26 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 6, 2020 - 2:24:09 PM


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Augustin Jomier. Un réformisme islamique dans l'Algérie coloniale : oulémas ibadites et société du Mzab (c. 1880 - c.1970). Histoire. Université du Maine, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LEMA3003⟩. ⟨tel-02943977⟩



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