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Synthesis of nano heterodimers by laser photodeposition of metal nanodots on TiO2 nanoparticles

Abstract : Two different setups, namely microchannel and cuvette setups using UV laser, are built to perform the photodeposition of a single metal dotson TiO2. Crystal anatase TiO2 nanoparticles with various shapes and sizes, are synthesized on purpose and used as semiconductors for this photochemical reaction. Four metal precursors with different valence states, i.e. Ag(I), Au (III), Pd(II) and Pt(IV) ions, are photochemically reduced on the surface of TiO2. Several techniques, including XPS, TEM/HRTEM, UV-vis spectroscopy, are performed to characterize the chemical state, size and number distribution of metal dots, and the absorption behaviours of the Metal-TiO2 nanoparticles. Nano-heterodimers with one Ag, Au, Pd and Pt per TiO2 are obtained showing that laser deposition seems to be much more efficient in this case than of the usual UV lamp photodeposition, suggesting that the flux of photons matters much more than the deposited energy. Ag-TiO2 heterodimer nanoparticles are successfully synthesized by the two laser deposition methods. The number and size distribution of Ag dots are dependent on hole scavengers, pH and metal precursor. A growth model well predicted the silver size variation in the photodeposition process. Extending the synthesis to other metal precursors (KAuCl4, Na2PdCl4 and H2PtCl6) using both setups led to the formation of gold, palladium and platinum-based heterodimers with TiO2. The growth law of gold can reasonably be predicted as well, although it is not as good as in the case of Ag, while our model did not work in the case of Pd and Pt. Finally, bimetallic core-shell structured (Au@M)-TiO2 (M=Ag, Pd, Au and Pt) nanoobjects were successfully synthesized by a simple two-step UV laser deposition method in the cuvette setup.
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Qingguo Bai. Synthesis of nano heterodimers by laser photodeposition of metal nanodots on TiO2 nanoparticles. Material chemistry. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0129⟩. ⟨tel-02943887⟩

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