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L'instrumentalisation du nationalisme à l'ère post-communiste : Serbie et Biélorussie

Abstract : In the early nineties, Serbia and Belarus do not take the democratic path. After hesitant beginnings in this transition, S. Milošević and A. Loukachenka suspend the process of democratisation for a certain length of time. Besides the originality of the regimes they instaured, their methods of taking power raise questions. They do not carry out a putsch but redirect the democratisation process of the region. While the neighbouring statesn lean on nationalism and look for the origins of the nation to build regimes inspired by the West and free from communism, S. Milošević and A. Loukachenka seize upon this reasoning of redefining identity to oppose democracy with the initial consent of the people.This research aims to understand how these two political leaders twist the democratic and nationalist ideologies to establish anachronistic regimes. To this end, we will first study their definition of the nation and we willattempt to understand, in the light of specialised litterature, how the national narrative is rewritten (M. Ferro, P. Nora, P. Ricoeur, A.-D. Smith and G.-L. Mosse), and how the nation’s protonational foundations are redesigned (E. Hobsbawm). Using certain authors, we will then analyse, the implementation of the nationalist movement(M. Hroch) and the way the two leaders attract people with a populist discourse more effective than those of their democrat competitors (P.-A. Taguieff) to ultimately implement the first illiberal democracies in Europe (I. Wallerstein and C. Schmitt).
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Pauline Soulier. L'instrumentalisation du nationalisme à l'ère post-communiste : Serbie et Biélorussie. Science politique. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0101⟩. ⟨tel-02941562⟩

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