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La pensée de 'Ayn al-Quḍāt al-Hamadānī (m. 525/1132) : entre avicennisme et héritage ġazālien

Abstract : This PhD thesis aims to analyze the doctrinal system of ‘Ayn al-Quḍāt al-Hamadānī, a thinker who was executed in 525/1132 in Hamadan, Iran. A proclaimed ṣūfī, he was highly inspired by the intellectual tradition established by Abū Ḥāmid al-Ġazālī, and tried to offer a theoretical system, compatible with mystical teachings. The thesis is constituted of a preliminary part, including the introduction and a survey of the intellectual context in which he evolved, as well as three analytical parts offering the study of his understanding of God, the world and human being. Besides some biographical elements, the preliminary part examines the status of philosophy, Islamic theology and taṣawwuf a present in his thought. In the first part, the modality of the articulation between an Avicennian concept of God and certain teachings of Aš‘arite ontology is subject to a thorough examination. The part on the world shows how, in an attempt to avoid the eternity of the world, this thinker offers a combination of the doctrine of the creation, supported by theologians, and the doctrine of emanation. The last part, on human being, explores the anthropological doctrine of this thinker, who, while abandoning the theologians’ physicalist approach, gives a vision about human being which is both compatible with Avicennian anthropology as well as with his mystical believes. From this integral analysis it appears that ‘Ayn al-Quḍāt, while following an Avicennian tendency in theology and anthropology, shows more similarities with Aš‘arite system on physics. A French integral translation of his Zubdat al-ḥaqā’iq (the Quintessence of truths), is also offered in the appendix of this thesis.
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Salimeh Maghsoudlou. La pensée de 'Ayn al-Quḍāt al-Hamadānī (m. 525/1132) : entre avicennisme et héritage ġazālien. Philosophie. École pratique des hautes études - EPHE PARIS, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016EPHE5013⟩. ⟨tel-02938198⟩

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