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ACCES A L'EAU POTABLE ET A L'ASSAINISSEMENT DANS LE DEPARTEMENT DU NDE (REGION DE L'OUEST -CAMEROUN)

Abstract : Disposed with water provision which is available and accessible, is a human right. Access to drinking and sanitation water is a major preoccupation so much for international community than municipal magistrates in Nde Division. Despite the local initiatives, the populations of this Division face difficulties with the supply of drinking water and proper sanitation. This thesis brings an answer to this major research question: How can access to drinking water and sanitation of the populations in the Nde Division be improved upon, against the backdrop of the daily difficulties the encounter? The objective is to show that the acces to drinking water and sanitation of the populations in the Nde Division can be improved taking into account the difficulties they experience on a daily basis. The elaboration of this thesis necessitated the formulation of hypotheses verified through the collection of quantitative and qualitative data. Results obtained show that the availability of water resources of Nde Division depends on biophysics conditions such as climate, topography, geology, vegetation and soils. Rainfall variability affects the replenishment of groundwater and consequently compromises access to drinking water for the populations of the four councils of Nde. The low purchasing power of households does not permit them to subscribe to a connection. The water and sanitation sector is managed by a collection of texts which favour the intervention of many actors with different policies. The actual situation shows that the level of the populations’ access to drinking water and sanitation is low. The coverage of CAMWATER network in the Bangangte, Bazou and Tonga is at 23.3%, 33% and 19.9% respectively. The low production, the low extension of the network and the discontinuity of offered services are at the origin of insufficient water supply to the local population. In the rural area, the rate of access to drinking water is at 30%. The unequal distribution of water and sanitation substructures, recurrent breakdowns and absence or the poor functioning of the management committee have an influence on the quantity of water used in households. In addition to the problem of water quantity, is that of its quality. Indeed, the bacteriological quality of tap and spring water is not assured of Division. Poor hygiene and sanitation practices contribute to the degradation water quality. Water catchment points are not protected. Problems linked to the poor management of water and sanitation services lead to sanitary, socio-economic and environmental consequences. In order to ameliorate access to drinking water and sanitation in Nde Division, the State should transfer human, material and financial resources to deconcentrated services and Councils so as to permit them to effectively carry out their roles. Added to this political will, is the call for Councils and populations to be highly implicated in water and sanitation management schemes. The participation of populations in water and sanitation projects permits to determine four actions: their interest and their availability to collaborate, their capacity of participation in buiding operationsof, their aptitude in managing and or taking care of installations and to collect revenues that permit and assure its functioning and supervision and finally, their level of appropriation of projects. In order to ameliorate water quality, the preventive management of water catchment points is very beneficial. The reduction of water contamination at the source permits to limit the magnitude of necessary treatments and by ricochet to reduce the spread of water borne diseases. To assure an efficient and sustainable management of drinking water supply points and sanitation substructures, the four Councils of Nde Division should, mutualize their resources via a syndicate of Councils.
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Submitted on : Sunday, September 13, 2020 - 5:21:32 PM
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Esther Nya. ACCES A L'EAU POTABLE ET A L'ASSAINISSEMENT DANS LE DEPARTEMENT DU NDE (REGION DE L'OUEST -CAMEROUN). Géographie. Université de Yaoundé I (Cameroun), 2020. Français. ⟨tel-02937356⟩

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