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Compressed sensing and finite rate of innovation for efficient data acquisition of quantitative acoustic microscopy images

Jong-Hoon Kim 1
1 IRIT-MINDS - CoMputational imagINg anD viSion
IRIT - Institut de recherche en informatique de Toulouse
Abstract : Quantitative acoustic microscopy (QAM) is a well-accepted modality for forming 2D parameter maps making use of mechanical properties of soft tissues at microscopic scales. In leading edge QAM studies, the sample is raster-scanned (spatial step size of 2µm) using a 250 MHz transducer resulting in a 3D RF data cube, and each RF signal for each spatial location is processed to obtain acoustic parameters, e.g., speed of sound or acoustic impedance. The scanning time directly depends on the sample size and can range from few minutes to tens of minutes. In order to maintain constant experimental conditions for the sensitive thin sectioned samples, the scanning time is an important practical issue. To deal with the current challenge, we propose the novel approach inspired by compressed sensing (CS) and finite rate of innovation (FRI). The success of CS relies on the sparsity of data under consideration, incoherent measurement and optimization technique. On the other hand, the idea behind FRI is supported by a signal model fully characterized as a limited number of parameters. From this perspective, taking into account the physics leading to data acquisition of QAM system, the QAM data can be regarded as an adequate application amenable to the state of the art technologies aforementioned. However, when it comes to the mechanical structure of QAM system which does not support canonical CS measurement manners on the one hand, and the compositions of the RF signal model unsuitable to existing FRI schemes on the other hand, the advanced frameworks are still not perfect methods to resolve the problems that we are facing. In this thesis, to overcome the limitations, a novel sensing framework for CS is presented in spatial domain: a recently proposed approximate message passing (AMP) algorithm is adapted to account for the underlying data statistics of samples sparsely collected by proposed scanning patterns. In time domain, as an approach for achieving an accurate recovery from a small set of samples of QAM RF signals, we employ sum of sincs (SoS) sampling kernel and autoregressive (AR) model estimator. The spiral scanning manner, introduced as an applicable sensing technique to QAM system, contributed to the significant reduction of the number of spatial samples when reconstructing speed of sound images of a human lymph node.[...]
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Jong-Hoon Kim. Compressed sensing and finite rate of innovation for efficient data acquisition of quantitative acoustic microscopy images. Signal and Image Processing. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019TOU30225⟩. ⟨tel-02936394⟩

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