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Assemblage par chimie click de fragments d’anticorps produits en bactéries pour un criblage fonctionnel rapide in vivo

Abstract : Anti-tumoral monoclonal antibodies are currently produced in eukaryotic cells. For cost and time reasons, a limited number of potential candidates are selected after in vitro tests. They are produced at large scale and then tested in vivo. To test more antibodies and more rapidly, we chose to produce single chain variable fragments (scFv) in bacteria, and to couple them to the eukaryotic constant fragment (Fc) thanks to click chemistry to reconstitute immunoglobulin-like compounds. For a given cost, this enables to produce and test in vivo a larger number of clones. This independent production of fragments is also a flexible tool allowing the combination of different Fc isotypes/allotypes with different scFvs.Click chemistry is based on a specific and high-yield reaction between and azide and a cyclooctyne. Therefore, antibody fragments were functionalised on specific residues (tags) by chemical linker so that each part will contain one of these chemical moieties at their extremity. The first step consisted in introducing tags into the anti-HER2 scFv 4D5 C-terminus and human IgG1 Fc N-termini sequences. The scFvs were produced with yields higher than 100 mg/L in the E. coli cytoplasm and in vitro oxidized with copper sulfate. The Fc fragment was classically produced in human cells. Five chemical or enzymatical reactions were optimised and compared in terms of specificity and yield. The coupling between an amine and a glutamine tag catalysed by microbial transglutaminase gave the best results. The scFv fragment was thus functionalised with an azadibenzocyclooctyne and the Fc fragment with an azide at 60-70%. When mixed together, these fragments formed a (scFv)2-Fc and a scFv-Fc with global yields respectively of 10-20% and 20-30% after optimisation.After the click reaction, the scFv + Fc mix binds to the HER2 receptor on the same way as the eukaryotic (scFv)2-Fc in terms of HER2-binding and proliferation inhibition capacity. Now, it must be demonstrated that their proliferation inhibition of a HER2-positive cell line is similar. The final aim is to get a similar tumour growth inhibition on murine xenografts.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 22, 2020 - 4:06:25 PM
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Cécile Galmiche. Assemblage par chimie click de fragments d’anticorps produits en bactéries pour un criblage fonctionnel rapide in vivo. Médecine humaine et pathologie. Université Montpellier, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016MONT3507⟩. ⟨tel-02935964v2⟩



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