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Essais sur l’analyse économique des discriminations dans le marché de l’emploi et du logement locatif

Abstract : Discrimination in the labor and rental housing market generates many economic and social inefficiencies. In order to combat discrimination against minorities, it is essential to know its extent and its different sources. In this thesis, we use both experimental and field data to detect, measure, and investigate discrimination at the first stage of the rental or the hiring process in OECD countries. As a first step, we analyze the level and the sources of discrimination against ethnic minorities in the rental housing market in OECD countries through a meta-analysis of correspondence tests. Results show the presence of substantial discrimination against ethnic minorities and also against male tenants. Subsequent to this, we perform a meta-analysis on discrimination against openly homosexual candidates in the labor market. In addition to revealing a level of discrimination similar to that experienced by ethnic minorities, our study shows differences in treatment according to the gender of the individuals and the type of job tested. Thirdly, we carry out a laboratory experiment to study the effect of intermediation in a context conducive to discrimination. Our results indicate that the smaller level of empirically observed discrimination by real estate agents is not due to intermediation but rather to market-specific factors. Finally, we perform a field experience to detect the presence of discrimination against people with mental, motor or visual disabilities in the rental housing market in France. Consistent with the literature on the labor market, it appears that people with disabilities are also the most discriminated minority in the rental housing market.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 8, 2020 - 10:31:44 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 27, 2020 - 2:34:44 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-02933082, version 1



Alexandre Flage. Essais sur l’analyse économique des discriminations dans le marché de l’emploi et du logement locatif. Economies et finances. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019UBFCB004⟩. ⟨tel-02933082⟩