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L’alternance codique wolof-arabe au Sénégal : approche sociolinguistique

Abstract : The purpose of this study is to identify all the linguistic and extralinguistic facts that favor the code-switching wolof-arabic in Senegal. Being at the origin of the borrowing and code-switching, the contact of languages has always favored bilingualism in a given geographical area. The encounter of different languages and cultures has never been the product of chance ; it is the result of different historical phenomenon. In Senegal, the contact of wolof and arabic stems from the expansion of Islam. This is the story that we have approched before the third chapter of this work, the purpose of which is to show that, in Senegal, there are speakers who proceed to the alternation of linguistic codes (wolof and arabic) in there speeches. The desire to demonstrate the existence of this sociolinguistic phenomenon led us to carry out fieldwork through surveys and recordings of Senegalese speakers. The set of recorded discourses has led us to discover that multilingualism in Senegal is a factor that allows certain privileged individuals to carry out intelligently the code-switching wolof-arabic whose modes we have linguistically described and analyzed the processes. They alternate wolof and arabic in the same enunciation for several reasons that we have listed; according to the interlocutors or the public to whom their speeches are intended.
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Cheikh Tidiane Ndiaye. L’alternance codique wolof-arabe au Sénégal : approche sociolinguistique. Littératures. Université Rennes 2; Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019REN20049⟩. ⟨tel-02932358⟩

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