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Listening to the electrical noise for nanofluidic sensing

Abstract : Moving from microfluidics, which is now a well-established field, to nanofluidics requires the development of computational tools. Using the Lattice Boltzmann Electrokinetics (LBE) method, we can couple the Navier-Stokes equation with the Poisson-Nernst Planck theory and thus study charged confined fluids at the nanoscale. Electrochemists have begun to use the electrical fluctuations arising from them to extract information on the interfacial phenomena and thus the underlying microscopic processes (e.g. single molecule detection, adsorption/desorption). This requires to be able to model nanocapacitors with a constant potential difference between the two electrodes, which was the main novelty added to the LBE algorithm. Finally by coupling this method with the moment propagation method, we have been able to provide an efficient computational tool capable to analyse, hydrodynamic, electrokinetic, adsorption/desorption and finite size effects in fluids confined at the nanoscale, for arbitrary geometries, in both linear and non-linear regimes, as well as in the transient and steady state regimes. Within the context of electrical noise, the temporal charge response to a voltage perturbation can be linked to the impedance and thus to the electrical fluctuations. In the future we will also be able to study the electrokinetic response related to the cross correlation response between mass and electric currents.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02931882, version 1

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Adelchi Jacques Asta. Listening to the electrical noise for nanofluidic sensing. Chemical Physics [physics.chem-ph]. Sorbonne Université, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019SORUS444⟩. ⟨tel-02931882⟩

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