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Diffusion thermique de nanocarbones au voisinage d'une surface de polymère thermoplastique

Abstract : The use of carbon nanotubes is growing fast since their limited bio-toxicity has been assessed. When embedded in a polymeric matrix, one can tailor the mechanical and electrical properties. In this thesis, we studied the formation and diffusion of multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) thin films at the surface of a high performance thermoplastic polymer, poly-ether-ether-ketone (PEEK) with a high temperature melting point (342 °C). The synthesis and characterization of the electrically conductive composite films consists of different preparation steps (dispersion in liquids, creation of interface by playing on the miscibilities) and the optimization of the annealing parameters followed by electrical and optical measurements. We analyzed in detail the diffusion of the polymer into the nanotube film and studied the diffusion front using electron microscopy. A simple model of the electrical conductivity can explain quantitatively the experimental observations. Correlating the electrical conductivity and optical transmittance of a given composite layer allows studying the diffusion as a function annealing time. Piezo-electrical properties of the fabricated thin composite film are only partially reversible due to limited transfer of mechanical stress to the carbon nanotube network. By controlling the impregnation of the agglomerated nanotubes by the polymer, it is possible to control the electrical properties of the surface which may have applications for the repair of composite surfaces and the restoration of electrical or mechanical surface properties. Raman spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy have been used for the structural characterization. The presented work is definitively multidisciplinary covering synthesis, structural characterization and electronic transport measurements to understand the formation of electrically conducting surface composites.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02930903, version 1

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Guillaume Pillet. Diffusion thermique de nanocarbones au voisinage d'une surface de polymère thermoplastique. Science des matériaux [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019TOU30247⟩. ⟨tel-02930903⟩

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