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Approche en santé mentale des SDF en lien avec leur type de prise en charge par le dispositif d'aide sociale.

Abstract : The growing population of homeless has become a major social issue which forces the Social Watch to face its own inefficiency. The purpose of this study is to understand how a part of the homeless manages to achieve a process of social reintegration while another stays in a chronic state of homelessness. To do so, three groups have been compared: a group of 24 homeless people using the emergency center, a group of 25 homeless registered in a social reintegration center and a group of 25 homeless, in a "chronic state of homelessness", sheltered in a center of stabilization. A semi-structured interview is carried out with each participant. their are assessed on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (Zigmond and Snaith, 1983) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (1965). An adaptation is necessary for the Locus of Control Scale (IPAH - Jutras, 1987) and for the Perceived Social Support Questionnaire (Bruchon-Schweitzer et Quintard, 2001), which are also used. Numerous variables clearly dissociate these groups of homeless people. The results show the link between the type of social care, mental suffering, the strength of the social link and the disruption of one'x identuty. Deeply destructive for homeless people, the emergency center's environment is a source of intense psychological sufferinf. Having preserved what shapes their identity, some homeless manage to rely on this social link to start a pocess of integration. On the contrary, others build psychological fences and strategies to survive that paradoxically reinforce their chronic homelessness while drastically reducing their sufferings. By taking homeless people's mental health into account and their strategies to adapt, we will be abl to improve our plan of action so that this population can be taken care of properly.
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Submitted on : Friday, September 4, 2020 - 2:19:10 PM
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Gaetan Langlard. Approche en santé mentale des SDF en lien avec leur type de prise en charge par le dispositif d'aide sociale.. Psychologie. Normandie Université, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017NORMR018⟩. ⟨tel-02930363v2⟩

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