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Theses

Diversité culturelle et égalité : pour une approche dialogique

Abstract : Managing cultural diversity is still being discussed in liberal democracies. Multiculturalism, cultural rights, super-diversity and intercultural public policies do not manage to reconcile cultural particularities and the universal principles that are at the heart of liberalism, particularly equality. The thesis presented here is that this failure is due to the dialectical approach underlying the philosophy of liberalism. This approach rests on the principles of formal logic: identity, non-contradiction and exclusion of a third party. Thus, this thesis proposes a dialogical approach to cultural diversity that facilitates considering two opposing concepts – diversity and equality – as collaborative and complementary. First, the notion of dialogue in the hermeneutic philosophy of Gadamer is studied, a notion that suggests understanding others from the perspective our own prejudgments in order to arrive at a fusion of horizons. Second, the notion of cultural pluralism from Kallen, a philosopher belonging to the first pragmatism, is examined.From the work of these two philosophers eight guidelines for a dialogical management of cultural diversity are extracted: contextual, transforming and co-constructed responses, that are based on practical experience, dialogue and tradition and that constitute a democratic exercise at the core of an infinite process.
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Teresa Cal. Diversité culturelle et égalité : pour une approche dialogique. Sociologie. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PA100068⟩. ⟨tel-02929674⟩

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