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"Filles d'émigration". Les femmes écrivains russes en France (1920-1940) : le "génie de la médiocrité" à l'épreuve de la modernité

Abstract : Our work focuses on the literary legacy of “emigration daughters” i.e. women writers of the younger generation of the first emigration wave (mainly E. Bakunina, N. Gorodetskaia, I. Odoevtseva). Nowadays, their works are re-edited. However, at the time, their writings were considered as “lady’s literature” – which discredited their current literary status. How to read this literary legacy? Are the emigration daughters mediocre and invisible or do they still have a place in literary today's world? Do their works belong to the past or could they be modern? In order to answer these questions, we adopted a poetic approach to language (subject, value, modernity). Even if the gender studies contribute to the rereading and the rehabilitation of women authors considered as secondary and minor, we must say that in Russian gender studies several female searchers proceed to essentialization of women’s writing (specific subject, experience, language). Which means, that a woman is always supposed to write as a woman.We have come to the conclusion that emigration critics had instrumentalized the notion of lady’s literature and had elaborated a system of dichotomies (lack of stylistic unit/ stylistic unit, lack of measure / sense of measure, lack of literary taste / sense of literary taste) in order to read women’s writings. One of the key notions of the critical discourse was a notion of measure. But how to measure the measure? We have proposed an answer that is in line with the works of H. Meschonnic and G. Dessons : the famous measure defended by critics was closer to a measure-justice, characteristic of “cultural rhetoric rhythm” of the time, than to measure-justness, corresponding to the specific project of each woman writer. This allowed us to reread the works of the emigration daughters and to inscribe them in modernity.
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Youlia Maritchik-Sioli. "Filles d'émigration". Les femmes écrivains russes en France (1920-1940) : le "génie de la médiocrité" à l'épreuve de la modernité. Littératures. Université Grenoble Alpes [2020-..], 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020GRALL004⟩. ⟨tel-02928988⟩

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