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Le paysage culturel de la plaine de Sultāniyya durant la période islamique

Abstract : The environmental potential of the Sultāniyya plain have emerged as powerful baseline for the formation and development of settlements during a long time. In addition, it is geographically located in a kind of corridor linking central Iran to its northwest. The interest of this region lies not only the archaeological evidence from the Paleolithic to the present day, but also in the considerable amount of written and illustrated sources in which various aspects of the landscape of the Sultāniyya plain have been discussed. However, there is no in-depth archaeological study of the plain. The aim of this dissertation is to demonstrate the interaction of human and environment in the plain during the Islamic period. The study of written and archeological sources shows that in the early Islamic centuries and before the construction of the city of Sultāniyya, in the center and north of the plain, population concentration depended on agricultural potential and therefore on water resources. The 16th century is a turning point in the history of the region. The attention paid by the Ilkānid to the plain has led to the expansion of agricultural and industrial infrastructures, extensive water exploitation and expansion of the agricultural zone. As a result, the population has focused mainly on the central and southern regions on the groundwater table. The decline of the city in the early 16th century turned it into a prestigious village. It led to a general slowdown in trans-regional trade between Sultāniyya and other centers of Iran. But the continued use of the region's water infrastructure and the role of the former urban center of Sultāniyya in the regional economic system has helped to maintain the maximum population concentration in the central and southern areas along the ancient routes.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 3, 2020 - 9:45:14 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 7, 2020 - 10:18:09 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-02928983, version 1

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Mahsa Feizi. Le paysage culturel de la plaine de Sultāniyya durant la période islamique. Histoire. Université de Lyon; University of Teheran, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE2106⟩. ⟨tel-02928983⟩

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