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Building and operating a quantum node of a microwave network

Abstract : After years of academic development, the circuit quantum electrodynamics is entering the age of applications. This thesis was realized in this context of creating tools to bridge the gap between an astounding academic quantum system, superconducting circuits, and a grand goal, the universal quantum computer. A likely blueprint for quantum processors consists in the assembly of a large number of elementary modules arranged in a network.In this experimental thesis, a possible node for such a network, the quantum node, was developed and fabricated using state-of-the-art techniques for 2D superconducting microwave circuits. This node was first used to implement a novel sequential readout method for a superconducting qubit. This experiment, first proposed in 2013 by Sete et al., potentially allows for faster, more accurate read out of superconducting qubits. The read out of qubits is one of the several bottlenecks limiting the development of fault-tolerant superconducting quantum computers, which made this project both useful as a demonstration of the quantum node and for applications. This novel readout method achieves readout performances close to state-of-the-art of superconducting qubit readout even though the chip was not optimized for that purpose.During this work, we also contributed to two other experiments engineering quantum measurement and dissipation with superconducting circuits. First, a dedicated circuit was developed to demonstrate a new form of quantum measurement: the multiplexed photon number measurement. In that experiment led by A. Essig and Q. Ficheux, a superconducting transmon quantum bit is read out at multiple frequencies simultaneously to extract more than one bit of information about the number of photons contained in a microwave resonator coupled to that quantum bit.Second, we contributed to the experimental demonstration of the exponential suppression of bit-flips in a qubit encoded in a Schrödinger Cat state of a microwave mode. This experiment led by R. Lescanne and Z. Leghtas, demonstrates the improvement by a factor 300 of the lifetime of a qubit thanks to the autonomous error correction realized through the engineering of the dissipation of a microwave mode.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 2, 2020 - 2:30:11 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 3, 2020 - 4:51:50 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-02928350, version 1


Théau Peronnin. Building and operating a quantum node of a microwave network. Quantum Physics [quant-ph]. Université de Lyon, 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020LYSEN025⟩. ⟨tel-02928350⟩



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