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Un catholicisme d’ouverture : les mouvements catholiques d’éducation populaire et leurs membres musulmans en France (années 1960 - années 2010)

Abstract : In the 1960s, in the wave of the reception by the Catholics of the Second Vatican Council in a context of increasing immigrant population in France, Catholic popular education movements like JOC-F (association of Young Christian Workers), ACE (Catholic Action for Children) and the Sun Units of the Girl Guides of France, started interacting with young people from North African and Turkish background, often through priests and religious dedicated to the apostolate in popular milieu. Very quickly the leaders of those movements, inspired by Christian Third-Worldism, affirm their concern to respect these young people’s immigrant culture and specific religion, based on the advice of Catholic specialists of Islam. Some of these young Muslims take on responsibilities and affirm the importance of this commitment in their lives from a political as well as a religious point of view. They express that they have become "better Muslims", while being aware of the originality of their faith compared to that of their parents, because of a phenomenon of spiritual mimicry which reinforces the overall trend toward the individualization of one’s relationship to religion, common to the majority of young Muslims of their generation. In the 1980s, the presence of young Muslims raises questions within ACE and JOC-F movements that were at the same time reaffirming their apostolic project in the context of John Paul II’s pontificate. The sometimes divisive debates focus mainly on "Muslim times" and the taking on responsibilities by Muslims. They fade in the 1990s, at a time when the number of young Muslims "joined" by ACE and JOC-F declines. From the 1990s onwards, Muslims are more numerous within the Scouts of France and then the Scouts and Girl Guides of France, through the development of proposals specifically directed to disadvantaged youth. In these movements, the presence of young Muslims is analysed and valued in terms of interfaith dialogue, in a period of increasing interfaith initiatives in France.
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Myriam Filippi. Un catholicisme d’ouverture : les mouvements catholiques d’éducation populaire et leurs membres musulmans en France (années 1960 - années 2010). Histoire. Université Paris sciences et lettres, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PSLEP029⟩. ⟨tel-02928248⟩

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