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Esplorare uno spazio interstiziale : le fondazioni di origine bancaria (Fob) italiane come osservatorio sulle élite (1990-2018)

Abstract : After having been rather marginal in public and political discourse, elites have returned to being central in the last decade, in particular, and not by chance, after the economic and financial crisis of 2007-2008. In the mainstream trade media debate, there are countless publications about the elites, where mostly hostile tones are used, which are returning on them a characterization that tends to become a commonplace. In the scientific debate, Savage and Williams (2008) had the merit of exhuming the theme, which remains, however, a minority one in the current studies of social sciences on power, where the scene is mainly occupied by the studies on the so-called populism, which, however, not having the elites as a specific object of study, contribute more to their obfuscation than to the understanding of their profile and of their ethos.The aim of my research, in response to the call to arms by Williams and Savage (2008), was to try to develop conceptual and analytical tools with which to study them. Starting from the observation that the theme of how and where to study the elites today is, with some important exceptions, still too little explored by the social sciences.Referring to the Anglo-American pragmatist tradition of Wright Mills (1956), which attributes great importance to the biographies of elites " in flesh and bones" and historically located, I adopted a socio-historical approach and rather than focusing myself on a specific group, a single person, family or resource, I chose to start by identifying a level of analysis from which to observe them, outside the formally responsible arenas for the exercise of power or the ones more mediatized (e.g. Davos), which seemed to be more studied. The choice fell on the great Foundations of banking origin (Fobs), which in today's Italy, seem to be one of the fundamental places where political, economic and financial power thickens and therefore seem to offer a promising object of study for anyone in Italy who wants to identify configurations of power (Elias, 1991).Specifically, the research focused on the Compagnia di San Paolo di Torino (CSP, Congregation of Saint Paul, Turin) and on the elites that can be observed from there, without any intention of generalizing, but because it is a foundation that possesses the chrisms of the emblematic case. The CSP has allowed me to maximize the perspective of the foundation as an interstitial space between different fields (Eyal, 2010) as well as the emergence of a specific mobile, interstitial, institutionally 'unfaithful' elite which, also thanks to these characteristics, is acquiring ever greater spaces of autonomy andinfluence in the production and circulation of vehicular ideas in the policy making and which finds a further source of legitimation in its belonging to a philanthropic organization.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 2, 2020 - 1:09:35 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-02927778, version 1

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Paola Arrigoni. Esplorare uno spazio interstiziale : le fondazioni di origine bancaria (Fob) italiane come osservatorio sulle élite (1990-2018). Political science. Université de Lyon; Università degli studi (Turin, Italie), 2019. Italian. ⟨NNT : 2019LYSE2075⟩. ⟨tel-02927778⟩

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