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Butrus al-Tûlâwî (1657-1746). Présentation de son oeuvre philosophique. Edition critique et traduction des deux premiers examens (bahth-s) du Livre de la Logique (al-Mantiq)

Abstract : Born in Tūlā (Lebanon), the Maronite clergyman Buṭrus al-Tūlāwī (1657-1746) was a pupil at the Maronite College of Rome, where he followed the whole scholastic curriculum taught by Jesuit fathers. After his return to the East, he left for Aleppo to serve his Church and there he composed an important series of philosophical and theological works. To be sure, he is well known among historians for his role in the history of the Maronite Church and for the place his writings occupied in the religious and intellectual spheres in the Near-East. Nevertheless, his philosophical works have not been the object of much research so far and were never critically edited. In this dissertation, we offer a critical edition accompanied by a commented French translation of the two first examinations (baḥṯ-s) of the Book of Logic (al-Manṭiq), taught in 1693 onward. That part is preceded by a detailed inventory of the 153 witnesses of al-Tūlāwī’s philosophical texts, Logic included, the results of which constitute the starting point for a reflection on the circulation of this corpus. In the following chapter, we proceed to the stemmatic analysis of the 24 witnesses of the Logic to which we could have access out of the 29 listed, in order to underline the existence of three distinct versions in which this text circulated, and which are of paramount importance for the principles of our edition, which is synoptic, and for the eliminatio codicum. The doctrinal references used by al-Tūlāwī in his treatises are varied and numerous. We present and reference, in the following chapter, all the quotations which are, in the Logic, taken from two major figures of philosophy: John Damascene and Avicenna.
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Teymour Morel. Butrus al-Tûlâwî (1657-1746). Présentation de son oeuvre philosophique. Edition critique et traduction des deux premiers examens (bahth-s) du Livre de la Logique (al-Mantiq). Philosophie. Université Paris sciences et lettres; Université de Genève, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018PSLEP022⟩. ⟨tel-02927773⟩

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