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La dialectique du fini et de l'infini dans la pensée de Hegel à la lumière de ses sources antiques et modernes

Abstract : This dissertation aims at investigating the problem of the finite and the infinite within Hegel’s philosophy. Its objective is twofold. Firstly, it begins with an examination of the impact of the ancient Greek philosophy (especially that of Plato and Aristotle) and Modern philosophy (especially that of Kant and the post-Kantians) on Hegel’s own understanding of the categories of the finite and the infinite. Secondly, it attempts to analyze the systematic development of the logic of Hegelian infinity in relation to the ancient and modern influences. By adopting an historical and critical approach, this work therefore focuses on the question of how Hegel comes to solve the traditional opposition between the finite and the infinite with the help of his theory of two infinities. With the distinction between a finite infinity (namely a spurious infinity) and an infinity which is itself infinite (namely a true infinity), Hegel shows that the process of determination of the finite is itself a process of idealization which overcomes the very contradiction of the finite and the infinite. The inquiry into the concepts of the finite and infinite thus enables us to understand that the speculative ideality is an answer not only to the traditional opposition between the finite and infinite, but also to the problems raised by the definition of ancient and modern idealisms.
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Arif Yildiz. La dialectique du fini et de l'infini dans la pensée de Hegel à la lumière de ses sources antiques et modernes. Philosophie. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018BOR30071⟩. ⟨tel-02927772⟩

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