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Le conflit, du face-à-face au corps à corps : une immersion comme agent de sécurité en établissements de nuit

Abstract : Nightclub security officer’s daily job is punctuated by physical violence. Their roles as bouncer and doorman aim to prevent, track down and manage conflicts. Their professional activity is structured around the perspective of physical brutality and the risk of the occurrence of tragic events. The field work of this original research consists of the observation and analyze of conflicts: the face to face and hand to hand, excluding intimate violence and lynching. Violence in night spots constitue a worldwide criminological problem. However, it remains absent from French researches. Bodily immersion and observations by enactment ethnography are appropriate ways to study legally risky and mythologizing situations. E. Goffman’s sociology is an interesting starting point to analyze the conservation and the rupture of frames, swinging between the situation and the situated social performances. The study shows that the face to face conflict follows a graduated process: from clash to brawl, threw fight, being an interaction ritual. This disorder element, that sometimes seems confused, has its origins anchored in the violence culture which it structures in return. Conflict stays organized and is an organization element of the social order. Having an understanding of it brings back to the notion of physical brutality and questions the threshold of thedefinition of “violence”, the feeling of aggression and the “acting out” in a situationist and processual research dynamic in which moves, gestures and movement themselves become key elements.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 2, 2020 - 1:04:32 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 3, 2020 - 4:12:36 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, December 2, 2020 - 3:12:40 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-02927766, version 1


Jonathan Bresson. Le conflit, du face-à-face au corps à corps : une immersion comme agent de sécurité en établissements de nuit. Sociologie. Université Rennes 2, 2018. Français. ⟨NNT : 2018REN20019⟩. ⟨tel-02927766⟩



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