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Theses

Les pharmacopées métissées de Guyane : ethnobotanique d’une phytothérapie en mouvement

Abstract : The analysis of the 209 semi-directive interviews conducted during this thesis made it possible to obtain a global and descriptive vision, both qualitative and quantitative, of the pharmacopoeias that intersect on the Guyana coast. The phytotherapeutic uses of the 18 cultural groups interviewed were decoded in order to obtain an updated overview of French Guyanese ethnobotanical practices. This ethnographic study also made it possible to highlight the main nosological categories concerned by phytotherapy on the French Guiana coast and to provide a fresh look at the ethnomedicines of this territory and, particularly, the representations of the body and the diseases they underlie. The way of treating them and forms of administration of the remedies in use today are finely documented as well as the species used (356 identified species).In a more original way, a mapping of current ethnobotanical flows is realized as well as an analysis of the "cultural distribution" of medicinal plants, and a reflection is carried out on the themes of transversality, selection, transmission and interculturalization of knowledge relating to medicinal plants. Among other sub-themes, the roles played by migration, transfrontality and urbanity are widely discussed.
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Marc-Alexandre Tareau. Les pharmacopées métissées de Guyane : ethnobotanique d’une phytothérapie en mouvement. Biologie végétale. Université de Guyane, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019YANE0007⟩. ⟨tel-02926473⟩

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