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Des cheminements sur la voie royale : Une analyse sociologique des parcours de vie des normalien·ne·s de Saint-Cloud, Fontenay-aux-Roses et Lyon (1981-1987)

Abstract : This thesis is dedicated to the life course analysis of alumni from one of the most prestigious French Grandes écoles (the Ecoles Normales Supérieures of Fontenay-aux-roses, Saint-Cloud and Lyon - classes of 1981-1987). Through a longitudinal perspective, it aims to analyze how family, educational, professional and conjugal socialization processes combine to shape the life course of this particular group of graduates. The main goal of this research is to question the widespread belief that the French Grandes Ecoles guarantee automatic access to the very top of the professional and social hierarchy for all of their graduates. Based on a mixed methods research design (archive data, a questionnaire survey and semi-structured interviews), this thesis shows that, according to social origin and gender, ENS graduates actually adopt a diverse range of professional careers. It show how, in a socio-historical context characterized by a general increase in educational levels, any analysis of social inequalities should combine two levels of analysis: the social conditions of access to educational credentials, on the one hand, and the labor market value of formal qualifications, on the other hand. Our results suggest that the combined analysis of these two processes provide useful insight into the increasingly complex processes of social reproduction - and suggest fruitful perspectives for reducing some sources of inequality.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 31, 2020 - 4:41:13 PM
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Pierre Bataille. Des cheminements sur la voie royale : Une analyse sociologique des parcours de vie des normalien·ne·s de Saint-Cloud, Fontenay-aux-Roses et Lyon (1981-1987). Sociologie. Université de Lausanne, 2014. Français. ⟨tel-02924890⟩

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