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Ethnographie des pratiques musicales audionumériques d’élèves en difficulté socioscolaire

Abstract : The notion of “socio-economic difficulty” is examined in a critical dimension relating to “school destinies” – whose social influence appears to be obvious – concerning pupils and former pupils of secondary schools, who have experienced failure and/or dropout situations, or have been oriented towards relegation pathways of low prestige or low utility. In this context – and despite political injunctions regarding digital uses dedicated to school pedagogy –, the intensity of the digital audio practices of listening and/or personal musical production of these young people remains invisible to the educational institution, including in Music Education, whose historical and structural attachment to a “school scriptural form” continues to hinder, on the one hand, the value of the skills induced by these emerging practices and, on the other hand, the inclusion within it of “social musical practices of reference”. Faced with this educational “blind spot”, the notion of “poïetic capacitation” makes it possible to study these new forms of juvenile musical creativity, in the light of the musical “dispositions” that an individual establishes – at the musicological level of poïetic strategies – in intermediation with available “plans” and “formats” through which he constitutes himself in “capacity”. In an ecological, interactionist and ethnomusicological triple anchoring, our ethnography of the digital audio practices of students and former students in situations of socioscultural difficulty reveals juvenile musical “careers” marked by a principle of economic reality, an intensity of action engagement in the collective, and a gradient of eclecticism correlated with an influence of the families and/or peers. Moreover, the ethical values engaged in these “careers” remain in tension with the moral values of the educational institution, tensions metabolized by the educational “blind spot” described above.
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Yann Gueguen. Ethnographie des pratiques musicales audionumériques d’élèves en difficulté socioscolaire. Education. Université Rennes 2, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019REN20043⟩. ⟨tel-02924759⟩

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