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Laminar-to-turbulent transition in supersonic boundary layer : different scenarios and possible control

Abstract : Direct numerical simulations (DNS) of both adiabatic and isothermal (heated and cooled) supersonic boundary layers are performed. Two different transition scenarios, namely the Oblique-type breakdown and the By-pass transition are presented in detail. For the oblique-type transition scenario, the results show that the control modes with four to five times the fundamental wavenumber are beneficial for controlling the transition. In the first region, after the control-mode forcing, the beneficial mean-flow distortion (MFD) generated by inducing the control mode is solely responsible for hampering the growth of the fundamental-mode. Globally, the MFD and the three-dimensional part of the control contribute equally towards controlling the oblique breakdown. Effects of physical parameters like wall-temperature, perturbation intensity and baseflow are investigated for the By-pass transition. The results regarding the by-pass scenario reveal that increasing the perturbation intensity moves the transition onset upstream and also increases the length of the transition region. Additionally, below 1% perturbation levels, wall-cooling stabilizes the flow while inverse happens at higher values. The existence of the thermo-mechanical non-equilibrium advances the onset of transition for the heated cases while the cooled wall behaves in the opposite sense. The analyses of the turbulent boundary layer show that the thermal factors influence the topology and inclination of the vortical structures. Moreover, regarding the heat flux, different transfer process is dominant in the near-wall region for the cooled wall.
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Sushank Sharma. Laminar-to-turbulent transition in supersonic boundary layer : different scenarios and possible control. Fluids mechanics [physics.class-ph]. Normandie Université, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019NORMIR16⟩. ⟨tel-02924479⟩

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