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L’énonciation non-rationnelle dans le roman francophone des Amériques. : Les stratégies socio-poétiques chez Jacques Ferron, Hubert Aquin, Édouard Glissant et Frankétienne

Abstract : This thesis proposes to analyse four Francophone novels from three different regions ofAmerica : La Lézarde by Édouard Glissant (1958; French Antilles), La nuit by Jacques Ferron (1965; Quebec), Prochain épisode by Hubert Aquin (1965; Quebec) and Mûr à crever by Frankétienne (1968; Haiti). Each of these novels brings about a shift in how novels are conceived in their respective literary traditions (Quebec, Haiti, French Antilles). A close reading of each work shows that the reading difficulties provoked are the result of a refusal to adhere to certain conventions, some of which are intrinsic to fictional narratives and others which determine all forms of linguistic communication. It can therefore be said that such narratives are “non-rational”. Following this close reading, the links between each text and its context are revealed. In Quebec, the novels of Aquin and Ferron, along with Nicole Brossard’s Désert mauve (1987), bear witness toa new type of literary engagement which favours illegibility. With Glissant, the fact that a literary text is not easily readable is meant to promote opacity which, in turn, aims at conceiving identity and history differently. With Frankétienne, the indeterminacy brought about by “non-rational enunciation” seeks a shift in the reader’s point of view.In each of the aforementioned works, enunciation carries a socio-aesthetic function whereby activism is carried not only by the story told, but also by the storytelling.
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Benoît Jean-Marc Trudel. L’énonciation non-rationnelle dans le roman francophone des Amériques. : Les stratégies socio-poétiques chez Jacques Ferron, Hubert Aquin, Édouard Glissant et Frankétienne. Littératures. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III; Western university (Canada), 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009PA030023⟩. ⟨tel-02924441⟩

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