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L'énoncé et son double : recherches sur le marquage de l'altérité énonciative en allemand

Abstract : This study deals with three groups of discourse markers in German: (i) disjuncts and attitudinal adverbials (henceforth "perspectival adverbials"), (ii) focus particles ("paradigm-scanning adverbials") and (iii) modal particles. The starting point of the analysis is the heuristic notion of "Otherness at work", i.e. the constitutive role of coexisting heterogeneous viewpoints: the three groups of discourse markers, each of which has the status of a functional class with recurring distributional properties, correspond to three modes of Otherness. First, an utterance can be seen as expressing a biased and selective perspective on "What there is". It thus coexists with other, possible yet dispreferred perspectives. Modal adverbials, argumentative disjuncts and metalinguistic markers are various subtypes of these perspectival adverbials. Further, the utterance (or a constituent thereof) can be located into a set of conflicting alternatives thanks to various focussing strategies. It is necessary to distinguish between focus-sensitive adverbials as a whole, the functional class of paradigm-scanning adverbials, and the lexical set of contrastive adverbs that can access the aforementioned function. The traditional class of "focus particle" is thus deconstructed along three different, non-parallel levels. Finally, constitutive otherness can stand for conflicting or mixed views about the validity of the propositional content. This kind of Otherness, which can (but needs not) correspond to modal intersubjectivisation, is the semantic domain of modal particles, which are analyzed here in their interaction with sentence mood.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 24, 2020 - 4:01:08 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, October 25, 2020 - 1:21:46 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-02920381, version 1


Pierre-Yves Modicom. L'énoncé et son double : recherches sur le marquage de l'altérité énonciative en allemand. Linguistique. Université Paris-Sorbonne - Paris IV, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PA040113⟩. ⟨tel-02920381⟩



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