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Gouvernance et formation du capital humain en Afrique subsaharienne

Abstract : The objective of this work is to determine governance indicators that foster human capital formation in Sub Saharan Africa. To this end, governance indicators are integrated into an education production model on the one hand and a health production model on the other. The education production model is estimated using the system generalized method of moments on a panel of 36 countries observed over the period 1996-2018. The health production model is estimated using the two stages least squares on a panel of 45 countries observed over the same period. The data used are from the World Bank. In general, the results show that improvements in government effectiveness foster human capital formation in Sub Saharan Africa. For education, improvements in government effectiveness increase access to primary, secondary and tertiary education in the region. For health, improved political stability and the absence of violence, and improved government effectiveness foster the reduction of under-five child mortality, maternal mortality rates and increase life expectancy at birth. These results call on African governments to improve their effectiveness in delivering public education and health services to enable citizens to acquire and increase their level of education and enjoy better health outcomes.
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Submitted on : Saturday, August 22, 2020 - 12:23:40 AM
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Idrissa Ouedraogo. Gouvernance et formation du capital humain en Afrique subsaharienne. Gestion et management. Université Panafricaine Yaoundé (Cameroun), 2020. Français. ⟨tel-02919283⟩

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