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Contrôle et études de matériaux hybrides et plasmoniques pour des applications optiques

Abstract : Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) particularly intrigued over the last decades because of their fascinating properties. They vary according to the size and shape of nanoparticles making objects opening opportunities in many areas. Gold is especially interesting since it has a great flexibility of these resonance surface plasmon bands ranging from the visible to near infrared (IR).In this thesis, we worked on the synthesis of AuNPs of different sizes and shapes in order to be able to work in many wavelengths from visible to IR. This multitude of AuNPs enabled us to study the effect of these different plasmon resonances of chromophores in an effort to understand the mechanisms of these interactions. The ultimate goal of this work, in addition to improving the understanding of these interactions, is the realization of monolithic materials for optics by a sol-gel approach allowing the incorporation of optically active molecules and these plasmonic systems, which give interesting properties to the obtained materials. We focused specifically on nonlinear absorption properties, in order to produce optical limiting materials to protect optical systems against intense radiation, such as lasers.These systems began to be developed in previous PhD thesis made in our laboratory but the understanding brought by this work have helped deepen the particles-chromophore interactions and the role of the wavelength of the plasmon resonance in order to optimize efficiency in optical limiting.
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Adrien Liotta. Contrôle et études de matériaux hybrides et plasmoniques pour des applications optiques. Matériaux. Université de Lyon, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LYSEN026⟩. ⟨tel-02918196⟩

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